Selected References:

  • ACOG Committee Opinion No. 650. 2015. Physical Activity and Exercise During Pregnancy and the Postpartum Period. Obstet Gynecol. Dec;126(6):e135-42.doi: 10.1097/AOG.0000000000001214.
  • Artal R. 2016. Exercise in Pregnancy: Guidelines. Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology 59(3):639-644.
  • Chan J, et al. 2014. Hot yoga in pregnancy. Canadian Family Physician 60(1):41-42.
  • Clapp III J, et al. 1999. Neonatal behavioral profile of the offspring of women who continued to exercise regularly throughout pregnancy. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 180(1):91-94.
  • Clapp III J, et al. 2002. Continuing regular exercise during pregnancy: Effect of exercise volume on fetoplacental growth. Am J Obstet Gynecol 186(1):142-147.
  • Fly AD, et al. 1998. Major mineral concentrations in human milk do not change after maximal exercise testing. Am J Clin Nutr; 68:345-9.
  • Kennelly M, et al. 2002. Exercise-related changes in umbilical and uterine artery waveforms as assessed by Doppler ultrasound scans. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 187(1):661-666.
  • Kennelly M, et al. 2002. Fetal heart rate response to strenuous maternal exercise: not a predictor of fetal distress. Am J Obstet Gynecol 187(3):811-816.
  • Lederman S, et al. 1999. Maternal body fat and water during pregnancy: Do they raise infant birth weight? Am J Obstet Gynecol 180(1):235-240.
  • Gavard J and Artal R. 2008. Effect of Exercise on Pregnancy Outcome. Clin Obstet Gynecol 51(2):467-480.
  • Greydanus DE and Patel DR. 2002. The female athlete: before and beyond puberty. Pediatr Clin North Am 49(3):553-580.
  • Madsen M, et al. 2007. Leisure time physical exercise during pregnancy and the risk of miscarriage: a study within the Danish National Birth Cohort. BJOG 114(11):1419-1426.
  • Minguez-Alarcon L, et al. 2014. Physical activity is not related to semen quality in young healthy men. Fertil Steril 102: 1103-1109.
  • Sobal J and Marquart LF. 1994. Vitamin/mineral supplement use among athletes: a review of literature. Int J Sport Nutr 4(4):320-334.
  • Stafne SN, Salvesen et al. 2012. Regular exercise during pregnancy to prevent gestational diabetes: a randomized controlled trial. Obstet Gynecol. 119(1):29-36.
  • Tomic V, et al. 2013. The effect of maternal exercise during pregnancy on abnormal fetal growth. Croat Med J. 54(4):362-8.
  • Zourtadani A, et al. 2015. The effect of physical exercise on postpartum fitness hormone and lipid levels: a randomized controlled trial in primiparous, lactating women. Arch Gynecol Obstet 291(3): 525-530.