Selected References:

  • Bermas BL, et al. 2018. Trends in use of hydroxychloroquine during pregnancy in systemic lupus erythematosus patients from 2001 to 2015. Lupus. 1:961203317749046.
  • Buchanan NMM et al. 1996. Hydroxychloroquine and lupus pregnancy: review of a series of 36 cases. Ann Rheum Dis 55(7):486-488.
  • Cimaz R et al. 2004. Electroretinograms of children born to mothers treated with hydroxychloroquine during pregnancy and breast-feeding: comment on the article by Costedoat-Chalumeau et al. Arthritis Rheum 50(9):3056-3057.
  • Clowse ME et al. 2006. Hydroxychloroquine in lupus pregnancy. Arthritis Rheum 54(11):3640-3647.
  • Costedoat-Chalumeau N et al. 2003.Safety of hydroxychloroquine in pregnant patients with connective tissue diseases: a study of one hundred thirty-three cases compared with a control group. Arthritis Rheum 48(11):3207-3211.
  • Diav-Citrin O et al. 2013. Pregnancy outcome following in utero exposure to hydroxychloroquine: a prospective comparative observational study. Reprod Toxicol 39:58-62.
  • Feldkamp M & Carey JC 1993. Clinical teratology counseling and consultation case report: low dose methotrexate exposure in the early weeks of pregnancy. Teratology 47(6):533-539.
  • Frassi M et al. 2004. Hydroxychloroquine in pregnant patients with rheumatic disease: a case control observation of 76 treated pregnancies. Lupus 13(9):755.
  • Ingster-Moati I and Albuisson E. 2010. Visual neurophysiological dysfunction in infants exposed to hydroxychloroquine in utero. Acta Paediatr. 99(1):4; author reply 4-5.
  • Kaplan YC, et al. 2016. Reproductive outcomes following hydroxychloroquine use for autoimmune diseases: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Br J Clin Pharmacol. 81:835-848.
  • Kroese SJ, et al. 2017. Hydroxychloroquine Use in Lupus Patients during Pregnancy Is Associated with Longer Pregnancy Duration in Preterm Births. J Immunol Res. 2017:2810202.
  • Plaquenil® Hydroxychloroquine Sulfate Product Label: https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/fda/fdaDrugXsl.cfm?setid=53355f8f-e3bb-4db1-8e11-e721c5b62067&type=display
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). 2018. Malaria Facts. https://www.cdc.gov/parasites/malaria/index.html
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). 2013. Guideline for Treatment of Malaria in the United States. https://www.cdc.gov/malaria/resources/pdf/treatmenttable.pdf