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  • Council on Environmental Health. 2014. Iodine deficiency, pollutant chemicals, and the thyroid: new information on an old problem. Pediatrics 133: 1163-1166.
  • Hollowell JG Jr, Hannon WH. 1997. Teratogen update: iodine deficiency, a community teratogen. Teratology 55:389-405.
  • Leung AM, et al. 2009. Iodine content of prenatal multivitamins in the United States. N Engl J Med 360(9):939-940.
  • Meletis CD and Zabriskie N. 2007. Iodine, a critically overlooked nutrient. Alternative and Complementary Therapies 13(3):132-136.
  • Melse-Boonstra A, Mackenzie I. 2013. Iodine deficiency, thyroid function and hearing deficit: a review. Nutr Res Rev 26(2): 110-117.
  • Obican SG, et al. 2012. Teratology public affairs committee position paper: Iodine deficiency in pregnancy. Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol. 94(9):677-82.
  • Partal-Lorente AB, et al. 2017. Iodine is associated to semen quality in men who undergo consultations for infertility. Reprod Toxicol. 73:1-7.
  • Pérez-López FR. 2007. Iodine and thyroid hormones during pregnancy and postpartum. Gynecol Endocrinol 23(7):414-428.
  • Soldin OP, et al. 2003. Urinary iodine percentile ranges in the United States. Clin Chim Acta 328(1-2):185-90.
  • Thomas Jde V, Collett-Solberg PF. 2009. Perinatal goiter with increased iodine uptake and hypothyroidism due to excess maternal iodine ingestion. Horm Res.72(6):344-7.
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  • Zimmermann MB. 2007. The impact of iodised salt or iodine supplements on iodine status during pregnancy, lactation and infancy. Public Health Nutr 10(12A):1584-1595.