Understanding JIA from Preconception to Motherhood
Disclaimer: This page houses important information and resources pertaining to juvenile idiopathic arthritis during pregnancy and while breastfeeding, including links to our evidence-based Fact Sheets. However, the resources here should not replace the care and advice of a medical professional.
Reference: Oberle EJ et al., 2014
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is the most common type of arthritis that is diagnosed in childhood before age 16. It is an autoimmune condition that can cause pain and inflammation in the joints, including but not limited to hands, wrists, elbows, knees, and ankles. There is no cure for JIA, so women who are diagnosed in childhood will continue to have it into adulthood and their reproductive years. Also known as juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA), JIA affects about 1 in 1,000 people in the United States.
Studies of women with JIA have suggested an increased risk of pregnancy complications and adverse outcomes, such as instrumental delivery, preterm birth, small for gestational age birth, and congenital malformations. However, the reasons for these complications remain unclear, and may be caused by the disease itself, the activity state of the disease and/or its treatment.— Drechsel et al. Rheumatology 2020 Mar 1;59(3):603-612.
Join Our Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis Study
If you’re pregnant and have JIA, please consider enrolling into our observational study to give moms-to-be better answers about how JIA and its management can affect a pregnancy and a developing baby. You will not be asked to take or change any medications, and you can participate from the comfort of your home.
Please see our library of resources below on JIA during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
- American College of Rheumatology: Pregnancy and Rheumatic Disease
- Arthritis Foundation: Inflammatory Arthritis and Pregnancy