Selected References

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  • Byrne S. 2016. Consumer Reports. Mosquito Repellents That Best Protect Against Zika. Available at:
  • Diaz JH. 2016. Chemical and plant-based insect repellents: efficacy, safety, and toxicity. Wilderness & Environmental Medicine 27(1):153-63.
  • Dugas J, et al. 2010. Use of biocides and insect repellents and risk of hypospadias. Occup Environ Med 67:196-200.
  • Lupi E, et al. 2013. The efficacy of repellents against Aedes, Anopheles, Culex and Ixodes spp.—a literature review. Travel Med Infect Dis 11(6):374-411.
  • Segal TR, et al. 2017. Urinary concentrations of 3-(diethylcarbamoyl)benzoic acid (DCBA), a major metabolite of N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide (DEET) and semen parameters among men attending a fertility center. Hum Reprod 32(12):2532-2539.